Нийгмийн халамжийн багц хууль, түүний дагалдах удирдамжийн төслийг боловсруулах, өргөн мэдүүлэх, хэлэлцүүлэх үйл явцад дэмжлэг үзүүлэх дотоодын зөвлөх сонгон шалгаруулна
Урилгын дугаар: D1/CS/048
Захиалагч: Хөдөлмөр, Нийгмийн хамгааллын яам
Зарын төрөл: Зөвлөх үйлчилгээ
Зарласан огноо: 2021-04-21
Дуусах огноо: 2021-05-05 17:00:00  

Зарын урилга

A. BACKGROUND

Mongolia received credit from the International Development Association (IDA) for the Strengthening Fiscal and Financial Stability Project (SFFSP). The Objective of the SFFS Project is designed to improve fiscal policy and sustainability in a mineral-based economy, protect the poor and vulnerable, and restore confidence in the financial sector. The project is designed into five components: (I) Strengthening Macroeconomic and Fiscal Management; (II) Improving the Efficiency of Public Financial Management; (III) Enhancing Financial Sector Stability; (IV) Strengthening the Social Protection System; (V) Project Management and Monitoring. The objectives are to Strengthening fiscal responsibility and implementing relevant policy measures, improving fiscal discipline, strengthening the resiliency of the banking system, improving public expenditure quality in social protection, providing support for Project implementation, coordination, monitoring, and evaluation, including, inter alia, audit arrangements, reporting requirements, procurement, and financial management activities respectively. For more details, please refer to the Project Appraisal Document Report No. PAD2269. The objective of sub-component D1 is to support the Government’s efforts to improve public expenditure quality in social protection through (a) strengthening the design, targeting, operations, and performance of social welfare programs to protect the poor and vulnerable; (b) strengthening the governance and FM aspects of social welfare programs. 

Mongolia introduced its social welfare system from the mid-1990s. The State Great Khural approved the first stand-alone Social Welfare Law (SWL)  in 1995 in order to protect its citizens from poverty, negative shocks and to sustain the livelihood of the most vulnerable. 20 years have passed since the establishment of the Office of State Welfare in 1997 (currently titled as a General Office for Labor and Welfare Services), the implementing agency of the government, together with its local branches in 21 provinces and 9 districts of the capital city.  Although the social welfare system has been established for two more decades, there are still many challenges for improvements. For instance, it is necessary to strengthen the existing delivery mechanism of the social welfare programs, including capacity building, monitoring, and evaluation, and the management information system to be achieved through (a) supporting capacity building of the relevant institutions and personnel, including the establishment of in-house training capacity to ensure systematic, continuous learning and capacity building in the context of high turnover of the personnel;(b) enhancing the monitoring and evaluation of social welfare programs to improve the equity and efficiency of the public expenditure and support evidence-based policymaking; and (c) supporting further refinements of the newly developed Welfare Administration Information System and maximizing the practical application of the specific modules for administrative reporting and monitoring and evaluation purposes.

Since its first adoption, the Social Welfare Law was revised in 1998, 2002, and 2012. In addition, Mongolian Parliament passed the new Law on the Rights of People with Disabilities in 2016, and it revised the Law on the Elderly and the Law on Benefits and Concessions for Honored Elderly in 2017. Currently, there are the following six laws that govern social welfare activities in Mongolia:

  • Law on Cash Allowances for Honored Mothers (2010)
  • Law on Social Welfare (2012)
  • Law on the Rights of People with Disabilities (2016)
  • Law on the Elderly (2017)
  • Law on Benefits and Concessions for Honored Elderly (2017)
  • Law on Providing Benefits to Mother and Single Parent with Many Children (2017)

Under this legal framework, Mongolia provides a wide range of social assistance programs to its citizens, such as social welfare pensions that support elderly people, persons and children with disabilities, and vulnerable children; caregivers allowances; emergency assistance; food stamp assistance; community-based social welfare services for target groups; social welfare concessions for elderly and disabled people, that include discounts for housing rent, heating fuel, as well discounts for treatment in a sanatorium, purchasing prosthetic and orthopedic support; cash allowances for ‘honored mothers’; and benefits and entitlements to certain discounts for elderly citizens with state merits.

The total budget allocated to social welfare (excluding child money) constitutes 1.1 percent of gross domestic product (GDP); including the child money program, which derives its budget from a separate fund, total spending amounts to 2.1 of GDP. This share is relatively higher compared to other developing and emerging countries, where the average share amounts to 1.6 of GDP, with the median country spending 1.2 percent of GDP (World Bank, 2014).

One example of current drawbacks in the social welfare system, as perceived by the government, is poverty targeting. Even though the Government of Mongolia allocated 442.6 bn MNT  to its social welfare programs, for the child money 229.0 bn MNT  in 2019, the decline of the poverty rate has been slow. The current social welfare system is quite wasteful and costly, but it has little effect on reducing poverty. The majority of programs are designed as categorical programs, with the exception of the food stamp program (FSP) which targets the poorest part of the Mongolian population, and the health insurance contribution subsidy paid from the budget for adult members of poor households listed in the Integrated Household Database.  At the same time, some programs benefit first and foremost the higher quintiles of the population, such as the allowances for the elderly with state merits, which is particularly generous with regard to the amounts transferred and the lifelong perspective of benefit receipt.  

In addition, despite a wide range of social welfare services with a wide scope and high total social welfare expenditures, the per capita expenditures are too low, which has little impact on the livelihoods of the target group. For example, the poorest household with 5 members (2 adults and 3 children) receives food vouchers worth MNT 56.0 thousand per month, which is about 10.0 percent of the average monthly consumption of poor households. This is 2-3 times less than in most countries of the world and 5-6 times less than in some countries in Europe and Central Asia. 

According to the World Bank (2015), 62 percent of the poorest quintile received some form of social welfare transfer, but this figure drops to 29 percent once the child money program is excluded. Most poor received only the child benefit and were not eligible for any other type of program. 

The Government Action Plan for 2020-2024 includes the objectives of “optimizing social welfare” and “targeting social welfare services to support employment and consistently reduce poverty”. Also, the Resolution 39 of the State Great Hural of December 4, 2020, states that “by optimizing the scope of social welfare, directing to the target groups in need of assistance and support, integrating various programs and activities, and transferring some services to other sectors”. Therefore, without a sharp reduction in total welfare expenditures, it is necessary to redistribute within the current welfare budget and allocate more funds to support the poor who are most in need of welfare assistance. To this end, it is necessary to update the Social Welfare Law by streamlining the types of welfare pensions, benefits and services, consolidating some benefits and assistance, and introducing an effective welfare system based on a unified household database.

In order to eliminate duplication and introduce an effective welfare system, the Government has been instructed to submit a draft revised Social Welfare Law and amendments to related laws to the regular session of the State Great Hural in the spring of 2021.” Within the framework of this work, the MLSP established a Working Group responsible for revising the Social Welfare Law and drafting amendments to other related laws by Order No. A/243 of December 24, 2020.

The Concept Note on revision of the  Social Welfare Law (SWL) was approved first by the Minister of Justice and Home Affairs and Minister of Labour and Social Protection initially in March 2018 and then it was revised on December 3, 2020. The key agenda of the reforms are:

  • consolidation of existing social welfare programs;
  • improving the implementation of social welfare/care services;
  • increase non-cash assistance to the poor and vulnerable;
  • transfer some services to professional organizations, such as health care;
  • transfer benefits and allowances for distinguished senior citizens to the relevant line ministries
  • integrate cash benefits with employment promotion activities. 

The Ministry of Labor and Social Protection (MLSP)’s Working Group has drafted the revised SWL by  February 2021 drawing upon global and thematic reports developed by the World Bank and learning from social welfare laws and practices of other countries and the supports provided by the short term national consultant hired by the Ministry in 2020. The local consultant provided some updates to the draft Social Welfare Consolidation Plan and the draft law. Also, initial consultation on the draft revised SWL was carried out with the World Bank team in March 2020. A working group chaired by the State Secretary of MLSP met virtually with the World Bank team and had discussion on comments expressed by the World Bank team on the draft Social Welfare Package Laws. Following this virtual meeting the working group reflected the Bank recommendations to increase the number of social welfare programs targeting the poor.  

The MLSP is working to submit the revised draft social welfare package laws to the Cabinet meeting in May 2021 and then to the Parliament during the spring session of 2021. Therefore, MLSP is keen to hire a national consultant to assist the MLSP in: (i) finalizing the draft Social Welfare Law and amendments to related laws, (ii) developing the study on impacts of revised SWL, (iii) drafting relevant regulations and procedures to be introduced following the adoption of the revised SWL and related amendments to other legislations, (iv)  promoting social welfare reforms to the public, and v) supporting the capacity building of social welfare staff. 

B. OBJECTIVE OF THE ASSIGNMENT

The main objective of this consultant service is to facilitate the MLSP Working Group (WG) to finalize the draft Social Welfare Law and amendments to related laws, to develop the study on impacts of revised SWL and draft relevant regulations and procedures to be introduced following the adoption of the revised SWL and related amendments to other legislations, promoting social welfare reforms to the public, and supporting the capacity building of social welfare staff. 

C. SCOPE OF THE WORK

The consultant is responsible for the following tasks:

Task I. Review and finalize the draft revision of the Social Welfare Law taking into consideration the key policy and reform agenda of the government and in view of the comments and recommendations  provided by development partners, including the World Bank;

Task II. To review and update as necessary, the draft amendments to other relevant laws, the cost estimates and socio-economic impact assessment of revising the Social Welfare Law Package, and to prepare a presentation on the draft law;

Task III. Support the development of online training program for social welfare staff , including drafting of training contents as per themes indicated by the MLSP;

Task IV. Develop background materials for public communication products on social welfare reforms, including  accuracy review of the drafts of various products ;

Task V. Prepare supportive materials for presenting the revision of the SWL to the Parliament for discussion, including comparison of the old social welfare law and the revised law, international trends in social welfare policy and delivery mechanisms, a set of questions and answers that present key and specific areas of the social welfare reforms;

Task VI. Draft regulations and procedures as indicated by the MLSP to be approved by the Government in connection with the implementation of the revised Social Welfare Law;

Task VII. Support the MLSP in synthesizing the comments and recommendations provided by stakeholder and public consultations (online and offline) on the draft revised SWL and proposed amendments to other related laws and reflecting them as appropriate, into draft legislations. 

Other tasks as reasonably requested by the MLSP and technical working group. 

D. DELIVERABLES

All deliverables should be discussed with relevant officials of MLSP and LSWGO with the incorporation of comments in order to ensure the quality of the deliverables:

Deliverable 1. Referring to the Task I:

1.1 Finalized drafts of the revised Social Welfare Package Laws as readied for submission to the Parliament:

1.2. Draft resolution of the Parliament on “Some measures to implement the law”;

Deliverable 2. Referring to the Task III:

2.1. Finalized draft amendments to other relevant laws to be submitted together with the draft revised Social Welfare Law;

2.2. Assessment of socio-economic impact of the revised  Social Welfare Law and related amendments to other laws;

2.3. Finalized estimation of expenses related to the implementation of the draft Social Welfare Package Law 

2.4. Power point presentation on Social Welfare Reform

Deliverable 3. Referring to the Task III:

3.1.Training content developed for at least two training programs for social welfare staff (on subjects to be indicated by the MLSP) 

Deliverable 4. Referring to the Task IV:

4.1. Background material to be used for developing public communication products that fully captures the context, objective, nature, scope and specifics of social welfare reforms and other related reform issues;

4.2. Recommendations provided to finalizing the script for a TV documentary on social welfare reforms.

Deliverable 5. Referring to the Task V:

5.1. A comparison of provisions of the old social welfare law and the revised law presented in a format to be indicated by the MLSP;

5.2.  A summary report on international trends and successful experiences in the field of social assistance on specific themes as relevant to the country context and as reasonably be indicated by the MLSP; 

5.3. A set of questions and answers prepared for discussion over revision of the social welfare laws at the Cabinet and Parliament. 

Deliverable 6. Referring to the Task VI:

Developed draft regulations and procedures (at least five regulations  to be indicated by the MLSP) to be approved by the Government or respective Ministers in connection with the implementation of the law;

Deliverable 7. Referring to the Task VII:

Final Report including the matrix of main comments and recommendations drawn from consultations with key stakeholders carried out before submitting the revised laws to the Parliament and the notes on how they were addressed in draft legislations. 

E. CONSULTANT’S QUALIFICATIONS/ SELECTION CRITERIA 

Education: A suitable candidate should have a bachelor's degree or higher degree in social science, health, and human service assistance.

Professional qualifications: A suitable candidate should have extensive experience with social welfare policies and strategies, and experience in preparing and developing social protection policies and legislation would be a plus. 

Experience: A candidate should have at least 10 years of directly relevant professional experience in the field of social welfare policies. 

Language: A candidate should have excellent writing skills in the Mongolian language and adequate skills in comprehending and writing in English. 

Other: Excellent communication and interpersonal skills with the ability to function effectively and collaboratively in a team environment, high proficiency in processing the documents, being punctual, and ability to bear the workload

F. SUPERVISION AND REPORTING

The consultant will report directly to the Head of a Technical Working Group, who is the Director of Policy, Planning Department (PPD).  The consultant will work on a day-to-day basis under the guidance of the Lead consultant and Director of PPD on technical matters related to the assignment. Work progress will be presented during the working group meeting or other meetings as needed.   

The Director of PPD shall evaluate the performance on the agreed deliverables and approve the invoices for the delivered outputs.   

The consultant will prepare a 3-5 pages summary progress report detailing the achievements and impediments in executing the entire assignment effectively.  The MLSP and SFFS PIU will provide input to the evaluation of the consultant’s performance. 

G. CONTRACT DURATION

The consulting service is expected to commence in May 2021.  The contract will have a duration of 8 months through December 2021.

Based on the evolving needs of the Client and the performance of the consultant, the contract may be extended if needed. If any task is not finished and approved by the Client within the agreed-upon timeline, the consultant should complete the task/s without any additional cost.

H. PAYMENT CONDITION

Payments will be released upon satisfactory completion of all deliverables due for each task, according to the following schedule:

  • Submission of Deliverable 1 stated in the ToR conditional on the Client’s approval: 12 % of the total contract amount 
  • Submission of Deliverable 2 stated in the ToR conditional on the Client’s approval: 12 % of the total contract amount 
  • Submission of Deliverable 3 stated in the ToR conditional on the Client’s approval: 20 % of the total contract amount 
  • Submission of Deliverable 4 stated in the ToR conditional on the Client’s approval: 12 % of the total contract amount 
  • Submission of Deliverable 5 stated in the ToR conditional on the Client’s approval: 12 % of the total contract amount 
  • Submission of Deliverable 6 stated in the ToR conditional on the Client’s approval: 20 % of the total contract amount 
  • Submission of Deliverable 7 stated in the ToR conditional on the Client’s approval: 12 % of the total contract amount 

G. INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

The MLSP will provide office space for the consultant to work with the lead consultant and technical working group as well as the MLSP officials.  The consultant will have access to all necessary data and information.  

If you possess the above qualifications, please submit following documents via email to procurement_sgm@sffs.mn:

    1. Cover letter indicating why she/he considers her/himself suitable for the position.

    2. Detailed CV highlighting relevant skills/experience.

    3. Copy of diplomas or certificates; and,

    4. Two (2) reference letters from previous last two employers no later than 17:00, May 05, 2021.

The submitted documents will not be returned to the applicants. Please be noted that incomplete applications would not be considered for evaluation. Only the selected candidate will be contacted.

Address for submission of Expression of Interest: Attention to Ms. Oyunyam.M, Procurement Specialist, Strengthening Fiscal and Financial Stability Project, Address: Room #204, Negdsen undestnii 8/2, 4th khoroo, Chingeltei District, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Tel: 70120582 or via email to: procurement_sgm@sffs.mn

Холбоо барих

70120582

Хавсралт

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